Wilbur Wright, born in 1867, and Orville Wright, born four years later in 1871, was two of five children and would eventually be attributed to the invention of the aircraft. Although their predecessors, including Sir George Cayley, Jean-Marie Le Bree, Clement Adair, Otto Lilliental, Octave Chanut and Samuel Pierpent Langley, attempted to conquer the flight, the Wright brothers themselves were the first to succeed successfully on December 17, 1903 in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, in the form of the Wright flier, flew on a controlled, powerful, heavy airplane because they applied a systematic approach to solving technological and aerodynamic problems associated with the flight, focusing on three parameters:
3. Balance and control
The original Wright flyer is currently displayed at the Smithsonian National Museum of Aviation and Cosmonautics in Washington, DC.
Bishop Milton Wright, Wilbur, and Orville’s father once said: “None of them could cope with the problem alone. As inseparable twins, they are irreplaceable for each other. ”
Dayton, which is serviced by Dayton International Airport, or it can also be obtained by going to Cincinnati, followed by a 45-minute north drive on the Interstate 75 motorway or flight to Columbus, and then a 90-minute western drive on the Interstate 70 motorway, including the National Aviation Heritage “, whose self-guided” Aviation Path “includes 13 attractions related to aviation.
One of the most important of them is the company “Wright Cycle.” By the end of 1892, the Wilbur-and-Orville joint venture, to date very successful, began to decline in importance, and interest in the bike became interesting. Both brothers, after all, were mechanics and excellent riders and, with sufficient funding, opened a bicycle shop on West Third Street in Dayton. With the increase in demand and the emerging need for repair and maintenance, they moved to several successive large stores, eventually developing their own Van Cleve bike brand, thus forming Wright Cycle.
The bike, however, was the first step on the plane. Both were mechanically based, and the Wright brothers applied bicycle technology to aviation design, analyzing the generality of their control method. It was in the back of a bike shop where the world’s first airplane was formed.
The Brick Shop Wright Cycle, located at 22 South William Street next to the Hoover Block, is one of the two original Brother Brothers buildings still standing in their unique places in the West Side area where Wright lived, worked and invented the plane, and the National historical monument, was occupied between 1895 and 1897 years. Today, the building features original wooden boards, a workshop, several Wright Van Cleve bicycles and interactive displays demonstrating the use of bicycle technologies for an aircraft and balancing between them.
Another significant sight of the Wright Brothers on the air trail is the field of Huffman Prairie. Despite the fact that the first experiments with flight began in North Carolina, it quickly became impractical to continue flying from there for three main reasons:
1. The distance between North Carolina and Ohio for repairing one of the many numerous parts in the more fully equipped workshop of Dayton became prohibitive.
2. Sand on Kill Devil Hill will eventually damage the engine.
3. The correct direction of the wind, equivalent to flight, was often not justified, which led to countless days of inaction.
To eliminate the shortcomings, Wright was authorized to use the 84-acre pasture of cows nine miles northeast of Dayton called “Huffman-Prairie,” a layer of clay and hoarfrost, hindering the growth of trees, but at the same time providing a surface soft enough to soften hard landing,
It was from this area that they checked the successor to the original Wright-Flyer, Wright-Flyer II. Powered by a larger engine power of 15-16 hp with the increased width of the propeller, the modified, the more ambitious design was distinguished by white pine roofs with spruce; a longer 40-foot wingspan; the reduced collapse of the wing; a large fuel tank with a transportable engine; and weight of almost 300 pounds. The take-offs were achieved with a 250-foot wooden rail, which is considered the second runway in the world after Kitty Hawk.
Since the predicted winds could not provide sufficient airspeed to reach the airspace, a catapult from 1200 to 1600 pounds, established on September 4, 1904, created the required speed of 28 mph.
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